The Boeing 777 was developed for the long distance market and fills the gap between 767 and 747. For the first time ever Boeing created an aircraft exclusively on the computer. The Boeing 777 is the first aircraft in Boeing fleet which is piloted via Fly-by-Wire technology. But the flight deck differs from those of Airbuses, as there is a common yoke instead of a sidestick, as Boeing thinks that this way to pilot is more comfortable for pilots.
The 777 is produced in the world-biggest hangars in the Boeing site of Everett in Washington. The first flight of this aircraft was on June 12th 1994, this means that the Boeing 777 is the last completely new aircraft development of the 20th century.Launching customer was United Airlines with an order of 68 airliners. Today the 777 is offered in several different versions. Besides the standard model Boeing 777-200, there is the 777-200ER with increased take off weight and higher range. Recently, Boeing has also thrown the once again slightly modified and range-optimized 777-200LR on the market. LR (Long Range) holds its promise: As the world's longest range civil aircraft, even routes like Singapore - New York or London - Perth can be served non-stop. Boeing also offers the stretched Boeing 777-300. Tightly seated, it can hold up to 550 passengers. This version is mainly used on Asian high-frequency routes, the new -300ER is however a very popular long-range aircraft and is more and more replacing older 747 models. A short version named 777-100 was turned down by Boeing.
The Boeing 777 is, even it it looks inconspicous, an unusual aircraft. It is the only two-engined jet with a six-tyred main gear. The rudder is nearly as long as the wings of a 737. Its engines outperform every dimension. Not only does the 777-200LR feature the most powerful aircraft engine in the world, the engine diameter pretty much equals with the cabin diameter of the Boeing 737. Even a grown-up NBA player could therefore stand up without problems in one of the engines.
The Boeing 777 got its ETOPS certification together with its FAA certification. The airlines can choose between three different engines: PW4000 by Pratt&Whitney, GE90 by General Electric and Trent 800 by Rolls-Royce.